Teaching Children with Autism, continued
Most-to-Least Prompting (“Errorless Learning”)
Most-to-Least Prompting, also known as “Errorless Teaching/Learning” refers to the ready use of prompting to ensure the child’s success. One way to try to ensure that the child gives the correct response is to model the response that you want to get. Another way to prompt is to guide him/her through the behaviour, providing only as much help as he/she needs to be able to respond correctly.
Types of Prompts
Full hand-over-hand prompt
Partial physical prompt
Prompting is not always needed. However, if it is needed (for the child to be successful on a particular teaching/learning trial), then it has to be provided more-or-less immediately, so that the child doesn’t get to practice anything other than correct responses. And remember that prompts need to be removed from the antecedent-behaviour-consequence sequence (i.e., “faded”) as quickly as possible, by giving the child a chance to respond without prompting, or with a lesser degree of prompt, after every prompted trial. This is known as providing a “transfer trial.”