Women’s Lib, Witchcraft, and Sex, continued
Certainly, the inferior position of women has existed for a long, long time, and there is some question as to whether women are even holding their own. In a recent article concerning changes in the status of women since the Second World War, Lipovenko (1983) reported as follows: “While the number of Canadian women working outside the home has grown rapidly since the post war years, there is ‘depressingly little change in the kind of work they do,’ says a federal report to be released today [21 February 1983]….
More than 70 per cent of women who work for pay are in clerical, service, sales, processing and fabricating jobs – and women are becoming more dominant in those traditionally female occupations, says the report for the Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women….
As of 1980, one‑third of all working women do clerical work and half of them are concentrated in trade and service – the lowest paid industrial sectors, the report noted.
Since 1975, women have lost ground in two well‑paid occupations – teaching and jobs involving machines. There has been a significant drop in the number of full‑time teaching jobs going to women: new teaching jobs are going to men working full‑time and to women employed part-time….
Women’s average annual earnings in 1979 (the most recent year for which data were available) were $7,673 compared to $14,981 for men, the report said.” It is within this context that I offer to women my advice on getting ahead in the world.
 As a 2008 update, the gender gap in salaries was $ 0.71 for women, for every $ 1.00 earned by men. The gender gap remains regardless of education. “Female high school graduates earn 27 percent less than male graduates. Female university graduates earn 16 percent less than male graduates.” (The Toronto Star, September 17, 2008).